World Architecture (200 BCE-300 CE)

…Approach to urban architecture essentially began in Hellenistic Period, then developed in Ancient Rome. Romans built whole city in architectural manner, designed new city type where public space and public architecture provided a formal envelope for daily existence.

There are many new types of buildings that Romans introduced world architecture such as basilicas, colonnaded streets. Roman architecture is generally famous for its technology of arches and vaults that were improved in time, and Romans achieved greater scales in their buildings together with various types of arches and vaults because of the strength of pozzolana cement which is found in Italy. For centuries, Roman buildings’ achievements hadn’t been surprassed in architectural manner, their success with material usage, magnificent vaults and arches makes me wonder more about Roman architecture. Romans were also influenced by Greek classical architecture. They built theaters as Greeks but Greeks used natural topography and Romans used artificial topography that formed by arches and vaults. In addition, they built Roman Temples which are influenced by Greek temples. However, while Greek Temples had no entrance, Roman Temples had one single entrance. They combined arch and vault technology, and Greek temples so that they built Pantheon. Romans also used orthogonal urban design which were seen in Greek colonies. However, in the main city, Rome remained chaotic, developed without a plan, followed pinwheel pattern set by its topographic irregularities.

pantheon-section
Pantheon
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