World Architecture (600-800)

…Islam spread from Arabia, Buddhist religion spread in Eastern Asia and India as well. As every religion has different approach to architecture so far, maybe Indian temples achieved(or improved) one of the most thrilling ideas; art of subtraction. The structure of rock-cut temples relied on what nature provided. They built temples called Stupa which is a tomb structure of piled stone carved into the cliffs. Indian temples resemble basilica with a wide area by side ambulatories.

Meanwhile, Muslims build multicolumned prayer halls that called mosque which took the place of forum-basilica, and based on hypostyle halls. Since there is qibla idea in Islam, longitudinal aisles directed on one single direction. They were influenced from Byzantine architecture in terms of urban design, built cities on a grid that two broad cross streets, and at the intersection, governer’s palace was located. Umayyads settled in Greece-Roman city of Damascus so that they were influenced by Roman architecture. Reminiscences of Late Roman and Byzantine tombs and baptisteries, different colours of marble and mosaic decoration, can be seen in Dome of the Rock. Successors of Umayyads, Abbasids settled in Baghdad which was once Persian city, affected from Persian architecture.  Baghdad of Al Mansour was actually based on Gur of Sassanids which was a circular city.

Generally, instead of writing about Islam architecture or other ones specificially, I realised that Islam architecture is also orientated from Roman architecture as the case is same in Christianity together with many cultures which proves how magnificent Roman architecture is.

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