World Architecture (1500-1600)

…Mehmet II moved his palace to the center of the Constantinople where acropolis of the ancient Greek of Byzantium once stood. Topkapı appeared the antithesis of europe palaces, willfully asymmetrical and more like a garden than building. Topkapı organized on a succession of three courts. Pointed arches and ancient columns with sculpted muqarna style capitals were added.

Then, Sinan appeared. The Haseki Hurrem Complex was one of the earliest works of Sinan. He covered the mosque with a single dome, and designed the hospital of complex with an octogonal court. Despite Sinan’s desire to surprass Hagia Sophia’s concept, he also wanted to achieve gothic architecture’s succession in Mihrimah Mosque which became a rival to Ste. Chapelle in terms of its dazzling luminosity. Sinan attempted to eliminate the weight of bearing walls, allowing great expanses of fenestration under the four parabaloid supporting arches as gothic masters. On the other hand, Sinan became more close to surprass Hagia Sophia. In Suleymaniye, there was a central dome, flanked by two semidomes, as large as Byzantium prototype. The unified space of the mosque exuded an optimistic sense of light and openness. With his one of the lates mosque, Sinan built his largest mosque Selimiye, articulated the facade in the courtyard with an alternating rhythm of wide and narrow bays, intimating a kind of Ottoman mannerism.

Sinan established an Ottoman style as assured and recognizable as ancient Romans. In his works, Sinan desired to achieve what gothic masters did, succession of Hagia Sophia, and he became a rival to renaissance architects through establishing an Ottoman style by implying mannerism. By considering his works, it is not a surprise why he is called genius.

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